在Mac OS X编译安装Apache2.2和PHP5.5


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Apache 2.2.27和PHP 5.5.12在Mac OS X 10.8.5编译安装过程:

在开始之前首先升级Xcode的组件: preferences => Downloads => 下载Command Line Tools包

然后进入Apache的源码包,对于大部分的源码包都可以使用下面这个指令来查看编译选项:

./configure --help

配置编译选项:

./configure --prefix=/Users/levin/dev/apache2.2.27 --enable-modules=most --enable-mods-shared=all

报错:

checking for APR-util... yes
checking for gcc... /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/OSX10.8.xctoolchain/usr/bin/cc
checking whether the C compiler works... no
configure: error: in `/Users/levin/Downloads/httpd-2.2.27':
configure: error: C compiler cannot create executables
See `config.log' for more details

上面的报错是指路径:/Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains/OSX10.8.xctoolchain/usr/bin/cc不存在

解决方法:

cd /Applications/Xcode.app/Contents/Developer/Toolchains
sudo ln -s XcodeDefault.xctoolchain OSX10.8.xctoolchain

接着编译并安装:

make
make install

编辑配置文件httpd.conf,一般修改监听端口、运行Apache的用户和组、服务器名称、开启gzip等配置。

进入安装好的目录启动Apache:

./bin/apachectl start

安装PHP

关于PHP编译选项可以参考: PHP: List of core configure options - Manual

./configure --prefix=/Users/levin/dev/php5.5.12 --with-apxs2=/Users/levin/dev/apache2.2.27/bin/apxs --with-config-file-path=/Users/levin/dev/php5.5.12/etc --with-openssl --with-zlib --enable-bcmath --with-bz2 --with-curl --enable-ftp --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-mhash --enable-mbstring --enable-soap --enable-zip --enable-sockets --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.12-osx10.7-x86_64 --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql-5.6.12-osx10.7-x86_64/bin/mysql_config --with-iconv --with-pear --enable-opcache
make

整个编译过程需要5-10分钟,视硬件配置而定,可以先去弄杯牛奶喝

发生错误:

Undefined symbols for architecture x86_64:
  "_res_9_init", referenced from:
      _zif_dns_get_mx in dns.o
      _zif_dns_get_record in dns.o
      _zif_dns_check_record in dns.o
  "_res_9_search", referenced from:
      _zif_dns_get_mx in dns.o
      _zif_dns_get_record in dns.o
      _zif_dns_check_record in dns.o
  "_res_9_dn_skipname", referenced from:
      _zif_dns_get_mx in dns.o
      _zif_dns_get_record in dns.o
  "_res_9_dn_expand", referenced from:
      _zif_dns_get_mx in dns.o
      _php_parserr in dns.o
ld: symbol(s) not found for architecture x86_64
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [libs/libphp5.bundle] Error 1

解决:

export LDFLAGS=-lresolv

错误:

dyld: Library not loaded: libmysqlclient.18.dylib
  Referenced from: /Users/levin/Downloads/php-5.5.12/sapi/cli/php
  Reason: image not found
...
make: *** [ext/phar/phar.php] Error 133

解决:

cd /usr/lib
ln -s /usr/local/mysql-5.6.12-osx10.7-x86_64/lib/libmysqlclient.18.dylib libmysqlclient.18.dylib

重新编译并安装:

make clean && make
make install

安装完成,此时需要从PHP的源码目录copy一份配置文件到安装目录的etc文件夹下面并改名为php.ini,需要更改PHP的配置时就使用该文件即可。

参考:

  1. configure: error: C compiler cannot create executables
  2. Building PHP on OS X

Published

Author

levin

Category

Unix/Linux

Tags

Mac PHP apache
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